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太阳能板的照射最佳时段是什么时候?

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太阳能板的照射最佳时段是什么时候?

发布日期:2019-04-10 15:56 来源:http://fantawar.com 点击:

   太阳能电池板(Solar panel)是通过吸收太阳光,将太阳辐射能通过光电效应或者光化学效应直接或间接转换成电能的装置,大部分太阳能电池板的主要材料为“硅”,但因制作成本较大,以至于它普遍地使用还有一定的局限。相对于普通电池和可循环充电电池来说,太阳能电池板属于更节能环保的绿色产品。

    1.太阳辐射在大气层中的衰减

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河南体彩11选5走势图  DIQIUSHIGEDAPENGTI。ZAITAZHOUWEIXINGCHENGLEYIGEHENDADECICHANG。CICHANGKONGZHI1000km YISHANGZHIZHIJIWANQIANMI,SHENZHIGAODAJISHIWANXIAMIDEGUANGDAQUYU,JIAOZUODIQIUDEPENGCENG,DANGTAIYANGWEILIFUSHESHEXIANGDIQIUSHI,QISHOUCIXIANYANGDANGERBUNENGDAODADIMIAN。JISHIYOUSHAOSHUWEILICHUANGRU,WANGWANGYEBEICICENGNEIBUDECICHANGFUHUO。ZHEISHIDIQIUDUITAIYANGFUSHESUOSHEZHIDE“DIYIDAOFANGXIAN”

  在地球磁层下面的地球大气层中,对流层、平流层和电离层都对太阳辐射有吸收、反射和散射作用。其中,电离层不仅可以将太阳辐射中的无线电波吸收掉或反射出去,而且会使有害的紫外线部分和X射线部分在这里受阻。这就是“第二道防线”,在距地球水平面24km左右的大气平流层中,有一个臭氧特别丰富的层次,叫做臭氧层。良氧层的作用很大,可以将进人这里的绝大部分紫外线吸收掉。因此,臭氧层又构成了“第三道防线”。由于地球设置了以上“三道防线”,因此可以把太用辐射中的有害部分消除,从而使得人类和各种生物得以保护。

dan-1200-550铝边框.jpg

  YOUYUDAQICENGDECUNZAIHEYINGXIANG,DAODADIQIUBIAOMIANDETAIYANGFUSHEKEFENCHENGLIANGGEFEN: YIBUFENWEIZHIJIEFUSHI,ZHEISHIBUGAIBIANFANGXIANGDETAIYANGFUSHE: LINGYIBUFENZEWEISANSHEFUSHE,ZHEISHIBEIDAQICENGHUOYUNCENGFANSHEHESANSHEHOUGAIBIANLEFANGXIANGDETAIYANGFUSHE。LIANGZHEZHIHECHENGWEIZONGFUSHE。YIBANLAISHUO,JINGLANGDEBAITIANZHIJIEFUSHEZHANZONGFUSHEDEBILIDA,ERYINYUTIANFANGSHEFUSHEZHANZONGLIANGSHEDEBILIDA。LIYONGTAIYANGNENG,SHIJISHANGSHILIYONGTAIYANGZONGFUSHE,DANSHI,DUIYUDUOSHUTAIYANGNENGLIYONGSHEBEILAISHUO,TEBIESHIJUGUANGJIREZHUANGZHI,ZESHILIYONGZHIJIEFUSHEBUFEN,

  ZONGZHI,JUGUANCEHEJISUAN,DAODADIQIUDAQICENGSHANGJIEDETAIYANGFUSHEGONGLVWEI1.77×1017W,JINGGUODAQICENGHOUSHOUDAOSHUAIJIAN。QIZHONG,BEIDAQIFENZIHECHENAIFANSHEHUIYUZHOUKONGJIANDETAIYANGFUSHEGONGLVWEI5.2×1016W.YUEZHAN30%:BEIDAQISUOXISHOUDEBUFENWEI4.0×1016W,YUEZHAN23%; YINCI,CHUANGUODAQICENGDAODADIQIUBIAOMIANDETAIYANGFUSHEGONGLVZEWEI8.1×1016W.YUEZHAN47%.YEJIUSHISHUO,NENGCHUANGUODAQIDAODADIQIUBIAOMIANDETAIYONGNENGHAIBUJIDAODADIQIUDAQICENGSHANGJIEDEYIBAN,CIWAI,DIQIUBIAOMIANDEHAIYANGMIANJIZHAN79%,ZHEIYANG,DAODAFANGDIBIAOMIANDETAIYANGNENGFUSHEGONGLVJINZHANDAODAZHENGGEDIQIUBIAOMIANDETAIYANGFUSHEGONGLVDE21%。JIDAYUEWEI1.785×1016W。

  2.影响地面太阳幅照度的因素

河南体彩11选5走势图  YINGXIANGDIMIANTAIYANGFUZHAODUDEYINSUHENDUO,MOUYIJUTIDIDIANDETAIYANGFUZHAODUDAXIAOYOUXIASHUYINSUDEZONGHEJIEGUOJUEDING,

  (1) 太阳高度角

  DUIYUDIQIUDEMOUYIDIAN,TAIYANGGAODUJIAOSHIZHITAIYANGGUANGDERUSHEFANGXIANGHEDIPINGMIANZHIQIANDEJIAOJIAO,JIMOUDITAIYANGGUANGXIANYUGAIDIZUOCHUIZHIYUDIXINDEDIBIAOQIEXIANDEJIAJIAO,JIANCHENGTAIYANGNENGGAODU。

  YOUYUDIQIUDAQICENGDUITAIYANGFUSHEYOUXISHOU,FANSHEHESANSHEZUOYONG,YINCI,HONGWAIXIAN、KEJIANGUANGHEZIWAIXIANZAIGUANGSHEZHONGSUOZHANDEBILIYESUIZHETAIYANGGAODUJIAODEBIANHUAERBIANHUA,DANGDAYANGGAODUJIAOWEI90°SHI,ZAITAIYANGNENGGUANGPUZHONG,HONGWAIXIANZHAN50%,KEJIANGUANGZHAN46%,ZIWAIXIANZHAN4%;DANGTAIYANGGAODUWEI5%SHI,HONGWAIXIANZHAN72%,KEJIANGUANGZHAN28%,ZIWAIXIANZEJIEJINYUO.

  YITIANZHONG,TAIYANGGAODUJIAOSHIBUDUANBIANHUADE,TONGSHI,ZAIYINIANZHONGYESHIBUDUANBIANHUADE。DUIYUMOUCHUDIPINGMIANLAISHUO,TAIYANGGAODUJIAOJIAODISHI,GUANGXIANCHUANGUODAQIDELUCHENGJIAOZHANG,FUSHENENGSHUAIJIANDEJIUJIAODUO、TONGSHI,YOUYINWEIGUANGXIANYIJIAOXIAODEJIAOTOUSHEDAOGAIDIPINGMIANSHANG,SUOYIDAODADIPINGMIANDENENGLIANGJIUJIAOSHAO。FANZHI,ZEJIAODUO。

  (2) 大气质量

  太阳辐射信受到在减作用的大小,与太阳辐射穿过大气路程的长短有关。路程越长,能量损失的就越多;路程越短,能量损失的越少,大气质量就是太用辐射通过大气层的无量纲路程,将其定义为太阳光通过大气层的路径与太阳光在天顶方向时射向地面的路径之比。令海平面上太阳光垂直人射的路径为1,即无量纲距为m=1,太阳高度角与大气质量是关系:

dan-1480-670铝边框.jpg

  (3) 大气透明度

  ZAIDAQICENGSHANGJIEYUGUANGXIANCHUIZHIDEPINGMIANSHANG,TAIYANGFUSHEDUJISHUSHANGSHIYIGECHANGSHU,DANSHIZAIDIQIUBIAOMIANSHANG,TAIYANGFUZHAODUQUESHIJINGCHANGBIANHUADE。ZHEIZHUYAOSHISHANDAQITOUMINGCHENGDUBUTONGSUOYINQIDE。DAQIDAOMINGDUSHIBIAOZHENGDAQIDUIYUTAIYANGGUANGXIANTOUGUOCHENGDUDEYIGECANSHU。ZAIQINGLANGWUYUNDETIANQI,DAQITOUMINGDUGAO,DAODADAOMIANDETAIYANGFUSHENENGJIUDUO。TIANKONGYUNWUHENDUOCHENGFENGSHAHUICHENHENDASHI,DAQITOUMINGDUHENDI,DAODADIMIANDETAIYANGFUSHENENGJIUJIAOSHAO。KEJIAN,DAQIYIMINGDUSHIYUTIANKONGZHONGYUNLIANGDEDUOSHAOYIJIDAQIZHONGSUOHANHUICHENDENGZAZHIDEDUOSHAOHAIQIEXIANGGUANDE。WEILEKAOLVDAQITOUMINGDUDUITAIYANGFUSHEDEYINGXIANG,JINGFANSUODEGONGSHITUIDAOHOU,JIANGQIZHICHENGBIAORUXIAKECHACHUBUTONGTAIYANGGAODUJIAOHEDAQITOUMINGDUXIADETAIYANGZHIJIEFUZHAODU

  (4) 地理纬度

  TAIYANGFUSHENENGLIANGSHIYOUDIWEIDUXIANGGAOWEIDUZHUJIANJIANRUODE。JIADINGBUTONGWEIDUDIQUDEDAQITOUMINGDUSHIXIANGTONGDE。ZAIZHEIYANGDETIAOJIANXIAJINXINGBIJIAO,RUTUXIATUSUOSHI,CHUNFENZHONGWUSHIKEDETAIYANGCHUIZHIZHAOSHEDAODIQIUCHIDAOF DIANSHANG,SHETONGYIJINGDUSHANGYOULINGWAILIANGDIANB、D,QIEBDIANWEILIBIDDIANWEIDUGAO。YOUXIATUKEZHI,YANGGUANGSHEDAOBDIANSUOXUJINGGUODAQICENGDELUCHENGAB BIYANGGUANGSHEDAOD DIANSUOJINGGUODAQICENGDELUCHENGCDZHANG。SUOYI,BDIANDECHUIZHIFUSHENENGXIANJIANGBIDDIANDEXIAO。ZAICHIDAOSHANGFDIANCHUIZHIFUSHETONGLIANGZUIDA,YINWEIYANGGUANGZAIDAQICENGZHONGJINGGUODELUCHENGEFZUIDUAN,LIRU,DICHUGAOWEIDUDEELUOSIDESHENGBIDEBAO(BEIWEI60°),MEINIANlcm2 DEMIANJISHANG,ZHINENGHUODE335kJDEREZHI。ERZAIWOGUOSHOUDOUBEIJING,DICHUZHONGWEIDU(BEIWEI39°67´ ),KEDEDAO586kJ DERELIANG,ZAIDIWEIDUDESAHALASHAMODIQUZEKEDEDAO921kJ DERELIANG。

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  (5) 日照时间

  RIZHAOSHIJIANYESHIYINGXIANGDIMIANTAIYANGLIANGZHAODUDEYIGEZHONGYAOYINSU。RUGUOMOUDIQUMOURIBAITIANYOU14h,RUOQIZHONGYANGTIANSHIJIAN26h,ERCHUTAIYANGDESHIJIANXIAOYUHUODENGYU8h,NEIME,JIUKECHENGGAIDIQUNEIYITIANDERIZHAOSHIJIANSHI8h.RIZHAOSHIJIANYUEZHANG,DIMIANSUOHUODEDETAIYANGZONGFUCAILIANGJIUYUEDUO。

  (6) 海拔高度

  HAIBAYUEGAO,DAQITOUMINGDUYUEHAO,CONGERTAIYANGDEZHIJIEFUSHELIANGYEJIUYUEGAO。ZHONGGUOXIZANGGAOYUANDIQU,YOUYUPINGJUNHAIBAGAODA4000mYISHANG,QIEDAQIQINGJING、KONGQIGANZAO,WEIDUYOUDI,YINCITAIYANGZONGFUSHELIANGDUOJIEYU6000- 8000MJ m2,ZHIJIEFUSHEBIZHONGDA,

河南体彩11选5走势图  CIWAI,RIDIJULI、DIXING、DISHIDENGDUITAIYONGFUZHAODUYEYOUYIDINGDEYINGXIANG,ZAITONGYIWEIDUSHANGPENDIQIWENYAOBIPINGCHUANGAO,YANGPOQIWENYAOBIYINPOGAODENG。

  更多关于太阳能电池板的知识,请继续关注深圳太阳能板厂家-深圳市迪晟能源技术有限公司,或者到石岩太阳能板车间参观考察。


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